Monday, March 23, 2020


Office of the Press Secretary


“Every American has a role to play in defending our Nation from this invisible, horrible enemy.” – President Donald J. Trump

PREVENTING AND PUNISHING HOARDING AND FRAUD: President Trump is taking action to prevent the hoarding and price gouging of critical supplies needed to combat the coronavirus.

  • President Trump is signing an Executive Order providing the authority to address, if necessary, hoarding that threatens the supply of necessary health and medical resources.
    • This includes the action of hoarding unnecessary quantities of items for the purpose of selling them above the fair market value.
  • This action is authorized under the Defense Production Act, which allows the President to prohibit the hoarding of needed resources.
  • To implement the order, the President has delegated to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) the authority to designate scarce resources or resources the supply of which would be threatened by hoarding.
  • The Department of Justice (DOJ) will work with HHS to enforce the anti-hoarding provisions of the order in cases where hoarding may be impeding the supply of health and medical resources needed to combat the spread of the coronavirus.
  • Additionally, DOJ is prioritizing the detection, investigation, and prosecution of fraudulent activity and price gouging related to medical resources needed to respond to the coronavirus.
PROTECTING CRITICAL MEDICAL SUPPLIES: This action will help ensure that hospitals, first-responders, and doctors receive sufficient supplies of critical medical equipment.
  • President Trump is bringing to bear every resource, power, and authority necessary to defeat the coronavirus.
  • Nationwide, our medical professionals and first responders are in need of critical medical equipment to fight the coronavirus.
  • Hoarding and price gouging could threaten the supply of critical health and medical resources, such as personal protective equipment and sanitizing and disinfecting products.
  • By limiting access to these critical resources, those who engage in hoarding and price gouging could put both our medical workers and the health of the American people at risk.
  • All Americans must come together to help one another during this time and help combat the outbreak.
SECURING VITAL RESOURCES: Today’s action builds on the extraordinary measures that the President has already taken to ensure that America has the resources it needs to fight the virus.
  • President Trump and his Administration have taken extraordinary steps to help States, hospitals, frontline healthcare workers, and first responders procure the equipment they need.
  • The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is sending respirators, surgical masks, face shields, and gloves to places they are needed most.
  • President Trump has invoked the Defense Production Act, giving HHS the authority to allocate critical resources.
  • The Trump Administration has worked with major American manufacturers to massively increase production of certain medical supplies, such as ventilators and masks.
  • The Administration has also partnered with the private sector to increase the speed and availability of diagnostic tests, implement new therapeutics, and find a vaccine.

Executive Order on Preventing Hoarding of Health and Medical Resources to Respond to the Spread of COVID-19

Office of the Press Secretary


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     By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended (50 U.S.C. 4501 et seq.) (the "Act"), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, it is hereby ordered as follows:

     Section 1.  Policy.  In Proclamation 9994 of March 13, 2020 (Declaring a National Emergency Concerning the Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak), I declared a national emergency recognizing the threat that the novel (new) coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2 poses to our Nation's healthcare systems.  In recognizing the public health risk, I noted that on March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization announced that the outbreak of COVID-19 (the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2) can be characterized as a pandemic.  I also noted that while the Federal Government, along with State and local governments, have taken preventive and proactive measures to slow the spread of the virus and to treat those affected, the spread of COVID-19 within our Nation's communities threatens to strain our Nation's healthcare systems.  To further deal with this threat, on March 18, 2020, I issued Executive Order 13909 (Prioritizing and Allocating Health and Medical Resources to Respond to the Spread of COVID-19), in which I delegated to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (Secretary) the prioritization and allocation authority under section 101 of the Act with respect to health and medical resources needed to respond to the spread of COVID-19.

     To ensure that our Nation's healthcare systems are able to surge capacity and capability to respond to the spread of COVID‑19, it is the policy of the United States that health and medical resources needed to respond to the spread of COVID-19, such as personal protective equipment and sanitizing and disinfecting products, are not hoarded.  Accordingly, I am delegating to the Secretary my authority under section 102 of the Act (50 U.S.C. 4512) to prevent hoarding of health and medical resources necessary to respond to the spread of COVID-19 within the United States.  I am also delegating to the Secretary my authority under the Act to implement any restrictions on hoarding, including my authority under section 705 of the Act (50 U.S.C. 4555) to gather information, such as information about how supplies of such resources are distributed throughout the Nation.

     Sec2.  Delegation of Authority to Prevent Hoarding.

     (a)  The Secretary is delegated the following:

          (i)   the authority of the President conferred by section 102 of the Act to prevent hoarding of health and medical resources necessary to respond to the spread of COVID-19 within the United States, including the authority to prescribe conditions with respect to the accumulation of such resources, and to designate any material as a scarce material, or as a material the supply of which would be threatened by persons accumulating the material either in excess of reasonable demands of business, personal, or home consumption, or for the purpose of resale at prices in excess of prevailing market prices; and

          (ii)  the authority of the President to implement the Act contained in subchapter III of chapter 55 of title 50, United States Code (50 U.S.C. 4554, 4555, 4556, and 4560).

     (b)  In exercising the authority delegated under this section, the Secretary shall consult the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.

     (c)  The Secretary shall adopt and revise appropriate rules and regulations as may be necessary to implement this order.

     Sec3.  Secretarial Duty Concerning Notices of Withdrawal of Designation.  The Secretary shall periodically consider whether the designations made pursuant to section 2 of this order remain necessary.  Upon finding that the need for such designation of material is no longer necessary, the Secretary shall promptly publish a notice of withdrawal of the designation in the Federal Register, and in such other manner as the Secretary deems appropriate.

     Sec4.  General Provisions.  (a)  Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

          (i)   the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or

          (ii)  the functions of the Director of the Office  of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

     (b)  This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

     (c)  This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.


                              DONALD J. TRUMP


    March 23, 2020.

1600 Daily The White House • March 23, 2020 Americans Need Help. Democrats Must Stop Blocking It.

1600 Daily
The White House • March 23, 2020

Americans need help. Democrats must stop blocking it.

President Trump is marshalling every resource at America’s disposal to fight against the global Coronavirus pandemic. He’s grateful to our nation’s local leaders, doctors, nurses, law enforcement, and first responders who are waging this battle on the ground.

They need all the help they can get—and so do American workers and businesses. Every American family deserves immediate relief and certainty in this difficult time.

President Trump told Congress to send him a bill that protects our economy, your job, your retirement savings, and your family's future from this global pandemic.

Democrats are blocking it. Their donor wish list comes before helping you.

Senate Republicans are ready to send a relief bill to the President’s desk. Instead of joining them, Democrats voted it down. Their leaders are demanding a litany of partisan line items that have nothing to do with fighting the Coronavirus or saving our economy.

Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Minority Leader Chuck Schumer should have to answer to every American: Why have they prioritized these partisan issues over help for working families of every background?
  • Audits of election results (yes, seriously)
  • Airline carbon emissions
  • Corporate diversity requirements
  • Collective bargaining for Federal workers
  • Expansion of wind/solar credits
And the list goes on and on—for 1,119 pages in Speaker Pelosi’s bill, to be exact.

With these demands, Democrats in Congress aren't trying to rescue our country. They aren't trying to rescue our economy. They're trying to rescue their partisan agenda—and they’re willing to hold America hostage to do it.

As one senior Democrat reportedly put it: This relief bill is “a tremendous opportunity to restructure things to fit our vision.”

Now is no time for partisan politics or to exploit a serious crisis for political gain. Now is the time to finish good-faith negotiations that deliver economic and healthcare support to working Americans.

President Trump and other leaders have asked every American to do their part to help slow the spread of Coronavirus by staying home and social distancing. The American people have selflessly heeded that call. As our citizens step up and do their part, it’s time for career politicians in Washington to do the same. No more delays.

The clock is ticking. The hour for action is here. Our country deserves it.

“Is That What We’ve Come To?” asks Sen. Susan Collins

MUST-READ: “Here is the Far-Left Wish List Nancy Pelosi Just Blew Everything Up For”

Photo of the Day

President Trump, joined by Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar and Attorney General William Barr, signs an Executive Order to Prevent Hoarding and Price Gouging | March 23, 2020

President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Nominate and Appoint Individuals to Key Administration Posts

Office of the Press Secretary
President Donald J. Trump Announces Intent to Nominate and Appoint Individuals to Key Administration Posts

Today, President Donald J. Trump announced his intent to nominate the following individual to a key position in his Administration:

John E. Whitley, of Virginia, to be the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation at the Department of Defense.

Mr. Whitley currently serves as Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management and Comptroller.  He was previously a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Defense Analyses and the Center for Naval Analysis.

Formerly, Mr. Whitley served as a Healthcare Analyst at the Military Compensation and Retirement Modernization Commission, an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Adelaide in Australia, and an Adjunct Professor at the Trachtenberg School of Public Policy and Public Administration at George Washington University.  Additionally, Mr. Whitley served as Director of Program Analysis and Evaluation at the Department of Homeland Security and as an Operations Research Analyst within the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Mr. Whitley served in the United States Army in the Second Ranger Battalion and attended the Special Operations medical course.  He earned undergraduate degrees from Virginia Tech and a Ph.D. and M.A. in economics from the University of Chicago.

Today, President Donald J. Trump announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key positions in his Administration:

Andrew Lawler, of California, to be the United States Commissioner (NOAA Representative) for the following:
The Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission.
The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas.
The Commission for the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean.

Joan Breton Connelly, of New York, to be a Member of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee for a term expiring April 25, 2022.

Steven Bledsoe, of California, to be a Member of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee for a term expiring April 25, 2020, and an additional term expiring April 25, 2023.

J.D. Deming, of Nevada, to be a Member of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee for a term expiring April 25, 2020, and an additional term expiring April 25, 2023.


Office of the Press Secretary


“We’re deeply committed to ensuring that small businesses have the support they require.” – President Donald J. Trump

PROVIDING FINANCIAL RELIEF: President Donald J. Trump is working to provide financial relief for small businesses harmed by the coronavirus outbreak.

  • The President and his Administration are working to provide disaster loans and further support to small business owners affected by the coronavirus outbreak.
  • The President signed legislation to support billions in low-interest disaster loans for small businesses economically impacted by the coronavirus.
    • The Small Business Administration (SBA) has streamlined the application process for these loans, which offer up to $2 million in assistance for each affected small business.
    • SBA’s traditional loan programs also remain available, including approximately $18 billion in the 7(a) loan program.
  • The Department of Agriculture offers loan guarantees for rural businesses.
  • The Export-Import Bank of the United States is offering a number of relief measures for small businesses, including waivers and deadline extensions.
  • The Department of the Treasury has delayed Tax Day until July 15th, giving small business owners more time to pay their taxes without incurring interest or other penalties.
  • The Department of Commerce has a network of centers working with State and local partners that help small and medium-sized businesses reduce costs, fill supply chain gaps, find new buyers, and more through the Commercial Service and Manufacturing Extension Partnership.
ASSISTING IMPACTED WORKERS: President Trump is taking every step to help small business employees harmed by the coronavirus outbreak.
  • Included in legislation signed by the President, small business owners now receive a dollar-for-dollar tax credit for providing paid leave to employees affected by the coronavirus.
    • Certain small businesses qualify for an exemption if providing paid leave would jeopardize the viability of the business.
    • This legislation provides flexibility to small businesses and support for workers, instead of implementing an inefficient government-run program.
  • The Department of Labor issued guidance to allow States the flexibility to pay unemployment benefits when an employer temporarily ceases operations due to the coronavirus outbreak.
    • The Federal-State Unemployment Insurance Program provides benefits to eligible workers who become unemployed due to direct and indirect effects of the coronavirus.
LISTENING TO SMALL BUSINESS NEEDS: President Trump is listening to the needs of small business owners and working with Congress to pass new relief measures for those hurt by the coronavirus.
  • President Trump and his Administration are meeting regularly with and listening to the concerns of small businesses.
    • Last week, the President participated in a call with thousands of small business owners.
  • President Trump is working with Congress to pass more relief for workers and small businesses who need assistance.
    • As part of these negotiations, the Administration is looking to provide small businesses loan forgiveness for a portion of loans they spend on payroll and other expenses.

Proclamation on National Agriculture Day, 2020

Office of the Press Secretary


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     Since our Nation's earliest days, farming communities have been a bedrock of our society.  In a letter to George Washington, Thomas Jefferson famously stated that agriculture "is our wisest pursuit, because it will in the end contribute most to real wealth, good morals, and happiness."  As our Nation continues to face the unique challenges posed by the coronavirus pandemic, we pay tribute to the unbeatable strength of America's agricultural producers as they once again answer the call to feed our country and the world.  On this National Agriculture Day, and now more than ever, we salute and honor the men and women who contribute daily to our national prosperity.

     United States agricultural food and fiber production has increased significantly over the past century, while the amount of resources used to produce those goods has largely stayed the same.  This incredible productivity is due to innovations that have propelled the American model of agriculture to the top of the world stage, allowing Americans to spend less of their paychecks on food.  Americans feed their families with the safest, healthiest, and most affordable food in the world.  Thanks to the efficiency of our farmers and ranchers, our rural communities are stronger and more resilient.

     Since taking office, I have worked tirelessly to deliver on my promise to negotiate better trade deals for our country, directly benefitting agricultural communities.  After decades of one-sided trade agreements that left the great men and women of our country behind, my Administration has secured fairer and more reciprocal deals that ensure American workers are put first.  Our farmers, whose grit and hard work help feed, fuel, and clothe millions around the world, are key beneficiaries of these historic trade agreements.  In 2019, I delivered the United States-Japan Trade Agreement, which is already providing our farmers, ranchers, and agribusinesses with new market access to 127 million Japanese consumers.  In January, I ended the outdated and unbalanced North American Free Trade Agreement by signing into law the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), creating incredible opportunities for American farmers and ranchers.  The USMCA empowers American businesses in our vital agricultural sector with greater freedom to sell their goods throughout North America.  Thanks to this better deal, American agriculture exports are expected to increase by $2.2 billion.  I also signed a new, fully enforceable trade agreement with China, which will help start to rebalance our vital trade partnership.  As part of this deal, China has pledged to increase imports of American goods and services over the next 2 years by at least $200 billion, including purchasing more than $80 billion in American agricultural goods.

     Across our country, farming families and communities demonstrate the timeless American values of hard work, perseverance, and stewardship of the land.  Just as they have for centuries, our farmers provide the foundation of a national economic supply chain that is critical to our national security and prosperity.  Today and every day, we express our gratitude to these individuals and remember the central place of agriculture in our national identity and American way of life.

     NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim March 24, 2020, as National Agriculture Day.  I encourage all Americans to observe this day by recognizing the preeminent role that agriculture plays in our daily lives, acknowledging agriculture's continuing importance to rural America and our country's economy, and expressing our deep appreciation of farmers, growers, ranchers, producers, national forest system stewards, private agricultural stewards, and those who work in the agriculture sector across the Nation.

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this
twenty-third day of March, in the year of our Lord two thousand twenty, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-fourth.

                              DONALD J. TRUMP



West Wing Reads Democrats Sink Senate Coronavirus Stimulus Plan to Give Cash to Families

West Wing Reads

Democrats Sink Senate Coronavirus Stimulus Plan to Give Cash to Families

“Congress was unable to reach an agreement Sunday on a $1 trillion-plus stimulus package that gives cash to families and keeps small businesses afloat during the COVID-19 pandemic,” Tom Howell Jr. writes in The Washington Times.

“This national crisis is not going to wait around if Congress slips back into conventional politics or haggles endlessly over the finer points,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) said.

Click here to read more.

“Third Time's a Charm”: NYT Changes Headline on Failed Relief Bill  
“Many procedures are urgent and must be done even in the midst of a global pandemic.” But elective procedures, which are often scheduled weeks in advance and can be postponed without causing great harm, are different. “Until we can flatten the COVID-19 curve in the United States—please consider delaying your elective procedures,” U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams writes in USA Today.
“President Trump has promised to unite the full force of the federal government with the full power of American enterprise to respond to the China Wuhan virus—and the response from the private sector has been overwhelming.” Businesses and manufacturers across America are stepping up to help confront the Coronavirus crisis, White House Director of Trade and Manufacturing Policy Peter Navarro writes in Fox News.
This weekend, CNN argued that the global virus pandemic is not the fault of the Chinese Communist Party, but rather of “‘human activity.’ The big winner in this bizarre way of telling the story is China, which is launching a furious disinformation campaign to distance itself from blame for the pandemic,” David Marcus writes in The Federalist.


Office of the Press Secretary


James S. Brady Press Briefing Room

March 22, 2020

5:55 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you very much.  Just before we begin, I want to mention we’re working very hard -- long -- on getting a young group of people out of Peru.  We’ve removed some, and the rest are being removed with the cooperation of the Peruvian government.  And we're also dealing with Honduras on getting some people out that got caught up.  And we are working on that very well -- again, with the Honduran government's work.  And they're working with us, so I appreciate that.

We have a couple of other locations that we’ll report to you, and we were able to get a young woman released from a certain area who was being horribly accosted, horribly treated.  And we spoke to General Milley.  General Milley took care of it.  We went in and we got her out.  And we'll -- we’ll report further on that one.  But it's -- that was rough stuff.

I want to thank General Milley.  I want to thank all of the people that were involved and the people that went in to get her.  I want to thank you very much.

As we continue to marshal every resource at America's disposal in the fight against the Chinese virus, we're profoundly grateful to our nation’s state and local leaders, doctors, nurses, law enforcement, and first responders who are waging this battle on the ground.

It is absolutely critical that Americans continue to follow the federal government's guidelines -- so important -- about social distancing, nonessential travel, and hand washing.  Defeating this unseen enemy requires the help and commitment of every single American.

I want to just say that Senator Rand Paul -- a friend of mine; he's been a great friend of mine.  He's been always there when we needed him, when the country needed him.  And, as you know, he just tested positive.  Jose [sic] Díaz-Balart -- spoke to him yesterday -- tested positive.

And so people are -- they’re getting quite close to home, and it's a terrible thing that's going on.  The hidden enemy.  I call it the hidden enemy.  And I think they'll all be fine.  I hope they're going to be fine.  But I just want to send our regards -- and I think I can speak on behalf of our country -- to those two great friends of mine.

We’re working urgently with Congress on legislation to support the millions of workers, small businesses, and industries who've been hit hard by the virus through no fault of their own.  Our goal is to get relief to Americans as quickly as possible so that families can get by and small businesses can keep workers on the payroll.

This will help our economy, and you will see our economy skyrocket once this is over.  I think it's going to skyrocket.  It's a -- it's a pent-up demand.  It's a built-up demand.  And I guess you really have to say, “Who knows?”  But I think it's going to be a tremendous day when we win this war -- and we will win the war.  We want to win the war with as few -- if you look at it -- just deaths as possible.  We want to have as few number of deaths as possible.

Today, I’m announcing action to help New York, California, and Washington ensure that the National Guard can effectively respond to this crisis.  The National Guard -- these are tremendous people.  They're fully on alert.  We've signed what we had to sign, and it's been activated.

We’re dealing also with other states.  These states have been hit the hardest.  Actually, pretty much by far, you could say, the hardest.  Everybody can see that.  Just look at the numbers.

And, through FEMA, the federal government will be funding 100 percent of the cost of deploying National Guard units to carry out approved missions to stop the virus while those governors remain in command.  So the governors, locally, are going to be in command, and we'll be following them and we hope they can do the job, and I think they will.  I spoke with all three of the governors today, and -- just a little while ago - and they're very happy with what we're going to be doing because we'll be announcing some other things for those three states and some other states where it's hit the hardest.

This action will give them maximum flexibility to use the Guard against the virus without having to worry about costs or liability and freeing up state resources to protect the health and safety of the people in their state.

The federal government has deployed hundreds of tons of supplies from our National Stockpile to locations with the greatest need.  In order to assist in those areas, I approved the State of New York's request for a major disaster declaration -- something which Governor Cuomo has been asking for and which I agree.  And we had it done in very rapid fashion.  We approved this on Friday evening, and we are working very, very hard to get all of these things not only signed up but completed and finished and win.

The request from the State of Washington for a major disaster declaration was approved just a little while ago.  It went through the process and we moved it very quickly.  The request from the State of California was just received, and we will have it approved very quickly.  We'll be working -- I told that to Gavin Newsom.  And we are -- we’re working on getting that done very quickly; it'll be done maybe tonight.

We've large -- we have large quantities of medical equipment and supplies on the way, based on all of this, to those states including: respirators, surgical masks, and gowns, face shields, coveralls, and gloves, with large quantities already delivered to Washington and to New York.

In addition to large quantities of supplies, I've also directed FEMA to supply the following: four large federal medical stations with 1,000 beds for New York, eight large federal medical stations with 2,000 beds for California, and three large federal medical stations and four small federal medical stations with 1,000 beds for the State of Washington.  The governors know.  The supplies en route to California and New York will be delivered within the next 48 hours.

In addition, the Naval Hospital ship, the USNS Mercy -- it’s an incredible ship; these two ships are incredible -- one on the West Coast; one on the East Coast -- will be deployed to Los Angeles to add emergency surge medical capacity.  And they have a tremendous capacity.  They are really something.

I will say that, if you look at some of the things we've been doing -- and now those numbers have gone up -- and just to be a little bit more exacting, we've done a presidential approval for request for a major disaster declaration for the State of New York.  Approval of Title 32 National Guard activation for the State of New York.  We're providing all of this at no cost to the governor.

I spoke with Governor Cuomo.  He's working hard.  We're all working hard together.  The relationship has really been amazing.  But it also enables the governor to provide robust National Guard support to the state.  And the 25 percent -- we're going to be waiving that 25 percent cost.  We're picking up, we'll be coordinating, and they'll be doing something with very special people.

Mission assignment of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to provide support to build out alternate care sites.  They’re doing various alternate care sites, which have now been designated by New York.  Four large federal medical stations of one thousand beds.  These are very complex places, actually, with great equipment and great people.

Strategic National Stockpile order.  And this is as of a number of days ago -- so far delivered to New York -- and this is the 19th.  We had the N95 respirators -- 186,416 delivered.  We’ve delivered 444,078 surgical masks.  Many have been delivered since then.  Face shields -- we've delivered 84,560 face shields.  Surgical gowns -- surgical gowns -- 68,944 to New York.  Coveralls -- 352.  Gloves -- 245,486.  Also, to New York, in terms of what's been delivered just since then -- the numbers are quite large, and we have tremendous numbers of companies also making equipment.

For the State of Washington, we've delivered 369,000 N95 respirators, 507,406 surgical masks.  And this is as of about three days ago.  Face shields -- 63,788 face shields.  Surgical gowns -- 107,850.  Gloves -- 240,376.  And we have many, many things pending.  It's actually not pending; it's being -- they're being fabricated.  They're being made.  And they're moving.  Now, for Washington -- so we have four small federal medical stations, 250 beds.  And for Washington -- State of Washington -- we have three large federal medical stations, 750 beds.  And then you have, as I said, the approval of the Title 32 National Guard.

State of California -- again, to be very precise -- we're going to have the approval of the Title 32 National Guard activation.  And we're providing all of this again, like in New York, at no cost to the governor -- meaning to Governor Newsom and the state.  No cost to the state.  It enables the governor to provide robust National Guard support to the state.  So they’re going to have control of the National Guard.  The federal government is sending -- these are incredible people that are being sent.

We have eight large federal medical stations with over 2,000 beds, and that's going to California.  And then Strategic National Stockpile order -- we've ordered, likewise, hundreds of thousands of different items.  I won't go into the exact numbers, but the numbers are very substantial.  But we're having a tremendous additional number sent.

And whatever the states can get, they should be getting.  I say we’re sort of a backup for the states.  And some of the states are doing really well and some don't do as well.  The ones that don't do as well need more help, but these are three states that really do need help because they are -- they are hit very hard.

And the outpouring from the private sector has also been extraordinary.  I'm pleased to report that Honeywell -- great company -- has just announced it will immediately expand its personal protective equipment manufacturing operations in Rhode Island to produce millions of additional N95 masks.  They’re very hard to get.  They're actually quite complex.  For the U.S. government’s Strategic National Stockpile.  They'll be immediately then delivered to the various states.

This expansion is already underway, and it's going to provide a lot of jobs for that state -- probably around 500.  The masks will be distributed by the government for the use of the health, safety, and emergency.  And this is for response workers -- primarily for response workers.  These are very high-end.

This expansion is in addition to Honeywell’s action to more than double production of its existing personal protective equipment manufacturing plants.  They make a lot of different things and they're doubling and tripling their production.  They're going around the clock.

Today, I'm also announcing the launch of a new public-private consortium organized by the White House, the Department of Energy, and IBM to unleash the power of American supercomputing resources to fight the Chinese virus.  The following leaders from private industries, academia, and government will be contributing, and they're going to be contributing a lot of different things, but primarily computing resources to help researchers discover new treatments and vaccines.  They'll be working along with NIH and all of the people that are working on this.

But tremendous help from IBM, Amazon, Google, Microsoft, MIT, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the Department of Energy's national labor -- laboratories, the National Science Foundation, and NASA.  They’re all contributing to this effort, and they're fully in gear.

This afternoon, I also want to update you on the steps we're taking to protect and serve our country's 18 million veterans.  These are great people -- our amazing veterans.  They’ve shown their eternal loyalty to our nation, and this is the time where they're in need, and we are going to show our loyalty to them.  We're being very protective of our veterans.

We're working on certain hospitals where we may be doing some work -- in Louisiana, in particular, and some other states.  Veterans hospitals.  We’re going to be very protective of our veterans.  Some of them are of that very vulnerable age.  And some of them, obviously, are not feeling well.  And some of them are still suffering the wounds of war from many years ago.

Yesterday, I signed vital legislation to ensure that the G.I. Bill will cover distance learning during this emergency.  I also spoke with many of our veteran service organizations, or the VSOs, to describe our unprecedented action.  In February, the Department of Veterans Affairs established 19 emergency operation centers throughout the country.

One of the things that they've been trying to get done for many years -- you all know this from following me over the last number of years, but we got it done pretty quickly; they've been trying to get it done for many, many decades -- was Choice.  Veterans Choice and also Veterans Accountability.

Now, if it's crowded within this -- if they can’t get to a doctor -- we have great doctors in the VA.  I have to say that.  We have fantastic doctors -- as good as they come.  But it’s hard to because of what was bureaucracy, but no longer bureaucracy.  We've done a lot of things, in that case, because of Accountability.  When people aren't doing their jobs or if they're bad or if they're sadistic, or if they steal or anything bad happens, we're now allowed to fire them for -- I signed that a year and a half ago.  For many years, you weren't able to do that.

So the VA is working.  And I was just told by our great leader at the VA, Robert -- Robert Wilkie -- he said, for the first time, we got the highest marks in the history -- highest poll numbers in the history of the Veterans Administration.  It came out a week ago that -- that they're happy.

And, look, one of the reasons that happened -- highest in history.  One of the reasons that happened is because of Veterans Choice.  If they have to wait on line, they go and see a private doctor and we pay the bill.  And -- and they get better.  They don't have to wait two weeks and three weeks or two days.  But they get better.  And a lot of times, they waited so long that they would they would have a problem and it would end up being terminal because they couldn't get the kind of treatment that they deserve.

So, highest poll numbers, highest approval numbers in the history of the VA.  I was just given that information yesterday.

We restricted visitors’ access to 135 veteran community living centers which house nearly 8,000 veterans with chronic medical conditions so that we limit their exposure to the virus.  We want to totally take care of our veterans.  And that's what we're doing.

The VA has canceled most elective medical and surgical procedures.  They’re delaying them until after this is gone, after we've won.

We began providing lifesaving care to patients who had symptoms across the 171 VA medical centers nationwide.  That's a big deal.  Under my administration, the VA has also been a leader in expanding telehealth.  Telehealth is becoming a bigger and bigger factor in medicine.

This month, we have taken bold action to cut through the red tape and make telehealth available for millions more Americans during this crisis.  They can speak to a doctor from the safety of their home rather than risk becoming infected or make it a tremendously long trip when, frankly, you'll speak to a great doctor right from your home.  It’s happening: telehealth.  We’re very much at the forefront of that, too.  We're very proud of it, and it also takes a big burden off our system.

We continue to accelerate the development of safe and effective vaccines.  We're also aggressively investigating a number of antiviral therapies and treatments to determine their potential in reducing the severity and duration of the symptoms.

And you know how I feel because how I feel is, on Tuesday, they're going to be starting it on Tuesday morning and we're going to have some medications delivered that -- we're going to see if they work.  They certainly are effective in other ways.  And they -- they are safe, from the standpoint -- is that they're not -- they're not killing people.  We're not going to have that.  So, a lot of great things have been happening in that regard.

I just want to finish, and then we're going to ask a couple of people to say a few words that have been so much in the forefront of this incredible job that we've all been given.

But I want to say that I know that this is a challenging time for all Americans.  We're enduring a great national trial, and we will prove that we can meet the moment.

I want to assure the American people that we're doing everything we can each day to confront and ultimately defeat this horrible, invisible enemy.  We’re at war.  In a true sense, we’re at war.  And we're fighting an invisible enemy.  Think of that.

For those of you who are feeling alone and isolated, I want you to know that we are all joined together as one people, eternally linked by our shared national spirit -- we love our country -- a spirit of courage and love and patriotism.  No American is alone as long as we are united.  And we are united.  We're very united.  People are saying things now that, three weeks ago, they didn't talk that way.  We're very united.

No force is equal to the strength of a uni- -- really, a unified America, a united America, an America like we have it right now.

For those worried and afraid, please know: As long as I am your President, you can feel confident that you have a leader who will always fight for you, and I will not stop until we win.  This will be a great victory.  This is going to be a victory.  And it's going to be a victory that, in my opinion, will happen much sooner than originally expected.

It's now attacking -- the enemy is attacking 144 countries at this moment.  One hundred and forty-four.  That's unthinkable.  There’s never been anything like this.  And it's vicious.  It is vicious.  Some people recover well and some people have a hard time.  We all know that.

But we will be totally victorious.  We will then get our economy up to a level that it was and, in my opinion, beyond -- because there will be a pent-up demand.  There is a pent-up demand.  And a lot of -- a lot of great things will happen.

But I'm very proud of our country.  I'm very proud.  I'm very proud to be your President.  And it’s just something that's just -- you're very special people.  So thank you very, very much.

And I'm going to ask, if I might, a combination of -- Pete, why don’t start off, okay?  Please.

ADMINISTRATOR GAYNOR:  Thank you, Mr. President.

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you.

ADMINISTRATOR GAYNOR:  Just a little bit about what we’re doing in Washington, California, and New York.  We understand that the states of Washington, New York, and California are the areas seeing a steady increase in COVID-19 virus cases.

In order to assist with additional needs identified in those areas, the State of New York was approved for a major disaster declaration this morning.  Washington State was also approved earlier today.  California submitted their request, and the President will consider it immediately.

We have medical supplies in route to the states, including respirators, surgical masks, gowns, face shields, coveralls, gloves, with quantities already delivered to both Washington, New York, and California.  And we anticipate additional supplies to be delivered over the next 42 hours to all these states.

Under President Trump's unprecedented national emergency declaration on March 13, FEMA is assisting state, local, tribal, and territorial governments, including reimbursing eligible emergency protective measures taken at the directional guidance of public health officials in response to this emergency.

All 50 states, the District of Columbia, 5 territories, and 2 tribes are working directly with FEMA under the nationwide emergency declaration for COVID-19.  With the assistance of the FEMA regional administrators, who are throughout the country, we are working to address the needs of state and local officials everywhere.

States, tribal, and territorial governments do not need to request separate emergency declarations to receive FEMA assistance under this nationwide declaration.  The emergency declaration does not authorize direct financial assistance available to individuals, such as disaster unemployment assistance or other needs assistance at this time.

Just a note on the USNS Mercy: Based on analysis of potential needs for hospital beds on the West Coast, the decision was made that the USNS hospital ship, Mercy, would have the greatest impact in California.  The Department of Defense has been given direction to dispatch it to Los Angeles immediately.  DOD has advised that the Mercy can get into position within a week or less of today's order.

Even though there are more cases right now in Washington, the projected needs for beds in California is five times more that of Washington.  The Mercy will be used to take pressure off local hospitals, other medical needs, and not for treating COVID-19 cases.

And finally, a little bit about the National Guard: The federal government continues to take aggressive action and proactive steps to address the COVID-19 threat as we attack the health and safety -- or protect the health and safety of the American people.  It remains our top priority.  The National Guard is especially postured and equipped to assist federal, state, and local agencies, while serving the public.

In response to this unprecedented nationwide operation, President Trump has approved Washington, California, and New York National Guard units under Title thirty- -- excuse me, Title 32 status for the COVID-19 response.  The President's action provide the nation's governors continued command of their National Guard forces, enabling states to use additional resources to meet the missions necessary in the COVID-19 response.

The National Guard is a viable and responsive avenue to provide a much-needed asset that is state-managed and federally supported.  And I want to be clear: This Title 32 activation does not federalize National Guard members.  The National Guard is still under the authority of each governor.  We’re working constantly with the Department of Defense.  And we've had a lot of disinformation circling, and I want to make sure it is understood that this is not martial law.  The Department of Defense, by way of a mission assignment, will lead this task.

And then, finally, we continue to respond to hundreds of requests from governors across the country in filling all their critical needs.

Thank you, Mr. President.

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, Pete, very much.


THE PRESIDENT:  Peter Navarro?

MR. NAVARRO:  Thank you, sir.  Thank you, Mr. President.  Good evening.  What I want to talk briefly about is the Defense Production Act and to give you the overview here.

Using the full power of private enterprise and the full force from the federal government, my job at the White House is to make sure, tactically -- working with FEMA and HHS -- that the American people, particularly our healthcare professionals, get the gloves, the masks, and all the personal protective equipment they need.

And I can tell you, sir, that since you signed the Defense Production Act, my job has gotten easier, and let me explain why.  The Defense Production Act, in this context, has two primary functions.  One is mobilization of the industrial base -- in this case, the public health industrial base -- and the other is allocation of resources, both from the supply chain to the manufacturers, and from the manufacturers to the end users, such as the healthcare professionals.

Now, what we're seeing on a purely voluntary basis -- based on the leadership of this administration -- we're seeing the greatest mobilization in the industrial base since World War Two.  And, every day, I'm working with organizations and companies -- National Association of Manufacturing, the National Council of Textile Organizations, and so on -- in terms of building up, rapidly, our capabilities to get what you need.

Now, let's think about what mobilization means.  It can mean, for example, repurposing a factory.  So Pernod Ricard called us last week and they had three hurdles they had to deal with.  They called my office.  Had to make a call to Treasury, FDA, and HHS to clear the path.  We got that done that day.  They started their production that day, moving from alcoholic beverages to hand sanitizers.  And, as we speak, a truck is moving towards New York and will arrive there Tuesday to share with the hospitals over 1,000 gallons of sanitizers.  So that would be that would be a repurpose.

A second example would be one that the President offered with Honeywell.  Again, Honeywell called the White House asking for help from the President.  And what they said is, “Look, we want to do this new factory in Smithfield, Rhode Island.”  They called me on a Friday morning.  And by that night, we had a contract in to HHS.  HHS flipped that immediately.  And I had Honeywell moving people and equipment from Massachusetts to that facility in Smithfield, Rhode Island.  And we're going to have those masks produced within 30 days, moving on the assembly chain.  So my point is: Mobilization is repurposing, building up capabilities.

And the other portion is, of course, the allocation of resources.  Now, what I can tell you so far is that the Defense Production Act, sir, has given me quiet leverage.  When you have a strong leader, you can take a light hand, initially.

And so what we've seen with this outpouring of volunteers from private enterprise -- we're getting what we need without -- without putting the heavy hand of government down.

There will be, possibly, cases down the road -- and the manufacturers have actually asked me and alerted me of this -- where some places in the supply chain, they may have problems that the White House will have to break through using the Defense Production Act.  We won't hesitate to do that.

The last thing I'll tell you is that I also get a lot of calls that are very disquieting.  Brokers are offering millions of items, whether goggles, masks, or whatever.  And you go through three different brokers, tracing to a warehouse in LA that’s allegedly got 10 million masks and they might charge you seven times what they cost.  That's price gouging.

We are going to -- message to the hoarders: If you got any large quantities of material that this country needs right now, get them to market or get them to us.  We'll pay you a fair price.  But if you don't do that, we're going to come for you and make sure that doesn't happen in this country.  And that would be a good use of the Defense Production Act.

So I salute you, sir.  You’ve made my job easier, and I appreciate that.

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, Peter, very much.  Great job.

Mike, please.

THE VICE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, Mr. President.  The Task Force met this afternoon, as we do every day.

And let me begin today by simply saying thank you to the American people.  And thank you for the way that people across this country -- seven days into “15 Days to Slow the Spread” -- that people in communities large and small across America are responding, are cooperating, are communicating not just on behalf of their own health and the health of their family, but more importantly, on behalf of the most vulnerable among us.  So on behalf of your President and our entire task force, just “thank you” to the American people.

I also want to express our appreciation to the governors across the country.  The President today just announced action in New York, California, and Washington State as the latest demonstration that this administration will do whatever it takes to support the leadership at the state and local level as the American people confront the spread of the coronavirus.

The legislative efforts that are underway are being negotiated on Capitol Hill as we speak.  The bipartisan spirit that’s taking place there that's reflected in all of our interactions with state leaders around the country is a great credit to the nation.  But it should be a great encouragement to the American people that your government at the federal level, at the state level, working with courageous healthcare providers all across America, are coming together to meet this moment.

And that is the way our system works.  It’s extremely important that the American people recognize that one of the things that makes America different is that we have a system of federalism and that the -- by putting FEMA in the lead, the President has emphasized that our response to the coronavirus is, in the anthem of FEMA, it is locally executed, state-managed, and federally supported.

We want the people on the ground -- the decision makers -- to have what they need.  We want states to be able to manage the unique circumstances in their states.  And whether it be the legislation moving through the Congress or the efforts the President announced today -- major disaster declarations, Title 32 on the National Guard, resources flowing, hospital beds flowing -- we're going to continue to make sure that our states have what they need to meet this moment.

Our task force continues to focus on the priorities the President has given us.  They are testing mitigation and supplies.

And on the subject of testing, as is evident to people across the country, testing is more and more available every single day.  And we'll be detailing tomorrow, from this podium, the progress that we are making on tests.

At this day's reporting, 254,000 Americans have been tested and received results in coronavirus tests, with slightly more than 30,000 actually testing positive.  There's a bit of an encouraging word in that for every American.  Remember, everyone that's being tested now, with the exception of our healthcare workers, are people that have symptoms that make them think they may have the coronavirus.  And as our numbers come in consistently -- because the 254,000 does not include all the local hospitals or all the local labs in our states -- it's working out to be: About 1 in 10 Americans who've been tested, who thought they had coronavirus, actually had it; 9 out of 10 did not.

But we'll continue to roll out the testing to provide that resource to the American people.  And we're working to make testing happen faster.  We expect word from the commercial labs that we should be caught up on the backlog in testing by the middle of the week.  And we are urging today, on the President's behalf, that all labs would prioritize in-patient testing.

Let me say again to all of the commercial labs in the country: You will receive guidance from HHS tomorrow.  But on behalf of the President and the White House Coronavirus Task Force, we are urging all commercial labs to prioritize in-patient testing.  We want people that have been checked into a hospital, that are being treated for what they suspect to be coronavirus, to receive those tests more quickly.

Also, I'm pleased to report that yesterday the FDA approved an emergency authorization on a new test that should be in production by the end of March.  It actually would be a coronavirus test, the results of which come back in 45 minutes.  And we're also working -- the FDA is working with manufacturers around the country to come up with even faster, more innovative tests.  And as we told our governors in several calls this week, governors and state health officials should simply contact FEMA for the latest information on testing solutions.

Let me also say: Tomorrow, when we gather at this podium, we'll be unveiling, with Dr. Bob Redfield in the lead, new guidance for people that work in law enforcement, first responders, people that work in what we call “critical infrastructure” in the country.

It was in early March that CDC issued guidance for people that were asymptomatic or did not have symptoms but who had been exposed to someone with coronavirus who gave them guidance about being able to return to work wearing a mask for 14 days.  And tomorrow, at this podium, CDC will unveil, in cooperation with the Department of Homeland Security, new guidance, which will make it possible for people that have been exposed to return to work more quickly with -- by wearing a mask for a certain period of time.

Let me also amplify a point on behalf of the President and on behalf of the State Department about Americans abroad.  You know, one of the -- one of the reasons why the United States is in a different position today than portions of Europe are -- and China and elsewhere -- is because the President suspended all travel from China.  He suspended travel from Europe and the UK and Ireland.

But the State Department is working around the clock to assist Americans who may find themselves overseas.  They're able to come home; there's no barrier to Americans coming back to American soil.  They’re screened, when they come home, through a series of airports.  But we're aware that, with flights being canceled, some Americans have found themselves unable to find a way home.  And as the President said, we've been working very diligently, through the State Department, to make it possible.  Commercial flights have been chartered.  We're also working with the military for backup on flights.

At this point, the State Department has brought more than 3,000 Americans back home.  But speaking to the Secretary of State today, he wanted me to share a website and a phone number for any American that might be looking on from overseas.  You can call the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program at 1-888-407-4747 or you can go online at  This will allow our embassies and consulates to gather important information about your situation and work to facilitate to bring you home.

Let me say, finally -- as I began, let me close -- as the chairman or the leader of this White House Coronavirus Task Force: We are 7 days into 15 days, and the American people are responding.  Because as we speak about supplies, as we speak about testing, the most important thing every American can do is heed the guidance and the direction from your state and local officials, particularly in areas where we have widespread coronavirus infections.

But for every American, putting into practice these measures that the President alluded to at the very beginning of his remarks is a way that we can -- that we can do this, America; that we can -- we can lessen the magnitude of the coronavirus in our country.  With the cooperation, compassion, generosity, and prayers of the American people, we can slow the spread, we can protect the most vulnerable, and we can heal our land.

So let's do it, America.

THE PRESIDENT:  Thank you, Mike, very much.  Thank you.  Thank you very much, Mike.

So, just a couple of little things, and we’ll take some questions.  Maybe you will have some, maybe you won’t.  That’ll be a shock.  It would shock the American public.

But I have to say, on the testing, the new -- if we -- if this works out, and we think it might, the new test will be a very simple one -- much easier than the existing test, which is quite complex and not -- not a lot of fun to take.  And this will be a game changer.

But remember: We inherited a broken, obsolete system.  It was good for a small number of people, but not good for the millions of people that we're talking about.  And we've made this into a system that, no matter where you go in the world, that's where they're going, that's what they want to do, that's how they're going to be doing it should something like this happen again.

So our people have done a fantastic job.  Really, a fantastic job.  And I hope the new test works out.  We'll know fairly soon, I think, Doctor.  We're going to be knowing about that fairly soon.  Hopefully, it’ll check out or test out.  And we certainly are looking forward to that.  That will be a very simple test by comparison.  It won’t will be unpleasant at all.

And one other thing: the ships.  So we have the Mercy, and that's in -- it's going to California, as you know.  That’s in -- on the West Coast now.  And you have a sister ship that’s essentially a twin.  They're incredible.  I mean, they're incredible ships.

I've seen it.  I've seen one of them, and they are unbelievable -- what they can do and the capacity.  Many operating rooms.  You know, they’re wartime ships.  They're meant for war.  Many, many operating rooms.  Stainless steel.  These rooms are as good as there is anywhere in the nation, actually.

I spoke with Governor Cuomo.  We had a great conversation today -- a number of conversations, actually.  He’s working very hard.  And we are going to be bringing that ship -- that's called the Comfort.  So you have the Mercy and the Comfort.  The Comfort is on the East Coast.  And that ship will be coming over the next three weeks -- three or four weeks.  It's being -- it was in the middle of maintenance, and we are moving the maintenance very, very quickly.  And we're also supplying the ship simultaneously.  It's actually big supplies going into those ships -- big.  And that ship will be coming up here over the next few weeks, and we'll probably be putting it in New York Harbor.  And we're making arrangements for that, also, as to where it's going to be docked.

So you have the Mercy and you have the Comfort.  They'll be coming up.  The Mercy will start very -- very quickly.  It'll be arriving in Los Angeles pretty soon.  So we look forward to that.

A question?  ABC, go ahead.

Q    Thank you.  First of all, Senator Paul tested positive.  When’s the last time you had in-person contact with him?

THE PRESIDENT:  Gee, I think it was quite a while ago.  I don’t know.

Q    But also --

THE PRESIDENT:  It’s been a long time.

Q    On top of Senator Paul, now four senators are in isolation.  And the rules say that, in order to vote, they have to be there.

THE PRESIDENT:  Who are they, please?  Who are they?

Q    Mitt Romney, Senator Lee --

Q    Senator Gardner and Senator Rick Scott.

Q    Senator Gardner and Senator Rick Scott also.  Two of them were in contact with Rand.

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, I guess Rick is coming out.

Q    With the critical stimulus package vote expected soon --

THE PRESIDENT:  Romney is in isolation?

Q    Yes.

THE PRESIDENT:  Gee, that’s too bad.  Go ahead.

Q    Did I detect sarcasm there, sir?

THE PRESIDENT:   No.  No.  None whatsoever.

Q    Do you think that Congress should consider changing the rules to allow them to vote remotely if it comes to this critical stimulus package?

THE PRESIDENT:  I was thinking about it today.  And I'm saying -- you know, you could have a lot of senators and a lot of House members.  I spoke last night with a very, very good man, who happens to be in the House, as you know.  And he's -- he's just started, and he tested positive.

So you could have a large number of people in there from Congress.  You could have -- between House and Senate, you could have a large number.  And I think it's something, at least -- I mean, I fully understand why you should be there.  I think it may be a constitutional reason why you should.  But we could be in a position where I would certainly be in favor of it, where they could vote from a certain outside location.  I would be in favor of it.

I was thinking about it today.  I mean, we could be in this -- look, with what's going on -- nobody has ever seen anything like this -- you could have a lot of people in there from Congress.  And it was -- it would certainly be -- they may tell me there’s a reason, constitutionally, and there may be.  But I would be totally in favor of it on a temporary basis.

Q    It does seem like negotiations still have a ways to go on the stimulus package.  Are you concerned about the timing at all and the message it sends?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, we have -- we have an interesting thing.  You know, we -- we all want to get to the same place, but we have different -- I have -- we want to -- and I just wrote this down just a little while ago: We want to protect the worker very much.  So do they; so do the Democrats.  We also want to protect the worker through their companies.  We don't want to necessarily -- we're going to help the worker anyway, but ideally they can go back to one of their great companies.

You know, you have great companies that are in financial trouble now.  And we need money to help those companies so they get back into where they should be -- health, you know.  Most of these companies, four weeks ago, were having the best year they've ever had.  Last year was the best year.  Almost all of them -- other than Boeing, which has incredibly had problems, big percentage of GDP.  But we have to be able to work with Boeing.  Boeing is a -- was a great company and will be a great company again, I think, shortly.
So we have to work with the companies and they don’t want to do that.  It’s crazy.  They don't want to do that.

I don't want stock buybacks.  So I don't know where the problem is there, but I know that's one of the things that they're talking about.  I do not want stock buybacks.  I don't want to give a bailout to a company and then have somebody go out and use that money to buy back stock in the company and raise the price and then get a bonus.  Okay?

So I may be Republican, but I don’t like that.  I want them to use the money for the workers.  I want them to use the money for the company -- to help the company.  In the airline business, to take care of their planes and all of the things they have to do, including buying new planes.  But I don't want -- I don't want to have any stock buybacks.  The Democrats are with me.  I don't know what the problem is on that one because I can't imagine that is too tough.

We want to -- we want to be able to take care of our people.  You’re going to have things coming up.  We're going to have some of -- some of the elements that they’re talking about, they’re down to -- I mean, literally, 95 percent of things that you would think that they wouldn’t agree and you’d think the Republicans wouldn’t agree to it.  And unemployment, as an example, is one of the things they talk about, and unemployment insurance.  I think we're very close on that.  But, you know, right now, they're not.  Right now, they're not there.

But I think that the Democrats want to get there.  And I can tell you, for a fact, the Republicans want to get there.  And I don't think anybody actually has a choice.  It's a bold package.  It's a big package.

We do have money for -- one of the things is we do have money for saving small businesses.  I don't imagine the Democrats -- because we have a lot of money set aside for small businesses.  We also have a lot of money set aside for big businesses -- you know, the big, powerful companies that were powerful four weeks ago and, today, they're overextended.

Look at the cruise lines.  That's a big -- that's a tremendous business, a big business.  Very important to Florida.  And it's unthinkable, a month ago.  A month -- just unthinkable.  They were setting all sorts of records.  They were -- they’re building new ships.  We can't let the cruise lines go out of business.  I mean, that would be massive numbers of jobs for our country and, actually, for the world.  But for our country, it's a massive business.  And it doesn't take much to keep them going.

So we have to -- we have to provide for that.  But I think both the Democrats and the Republicans are agreed that we have to take care of our workers.  And we're going to be doing that in numerous ways, including a substantial cash payment.

Yeah, please.

Q    Mr. President, when it comes to the Defense Production Act, we know that governors across the country all day today were pleading with you to utilize the DPA, saying that they need it --

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, it depends which.  It depends which governors you’re talking about.

Q    -- specifically for that allocation piece that you mentioned, Mr. Navarro.


Q    Why not use is now if that would answer their pleas for help?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, we are using it now.  The fact that I signed it, it’s in effect.  But, you know, we’re a country not based on nationalizing our business.  Call a person over in Venezuela; ask them how did nationalization of their businesses work out.  Not too well.  The concept of nationalizing our business is not a good concept.

But I'll tell you why -- as Peter said, we may have to use it someplace along the chain, but we're getting calls.  Here's the beauty of it: If we go out and we want, let's say, masks, we don't know who to call on masks.  But Hanes, who makes things of cotton -- various elements, lots of things; it's a great company -- they called us and they said, “We're going to make millions of masks.”

We got a call today from 3M -- there's a big article today -- the head of 3M -- they’re going to make tremendous products, and they're more or less in that business.  And if they're not -- like, for instance, General Motors spoke to us; Ford spoke to us about doing ventilators.
The beauty is, they're calling us.  If you go the national route -- nationalization route -- we're going to tell a company to make a ventilator; they don't even know what a ventilator is.  In the case of one company, they used to make them years ago and they know how to make them.  You know, it's a very complex piece of equipment, frankly.

So what we're doing is -- I think Peter said it maybe better than anybody is going to say it.  We have the threat of doing it, if we need it.  We may have to use it somewhere along the supply chain, in a minor way.  But we have millions of masks being done.  We have respirators.  We have ventilators.  We have a lot of things happening right now.  So just the threat of using it.

But using it's actually a big deal.  I mean, when this was announced, it sent tremors through our business community and through our country because, basically, what are you doing?  You're talking about -- you’re going to nationalize an industry or you're going to nationalize -- you're going to take away companies.  You're going to tell companies what to do.

The truth is, most people -- nobody would know where to start.  There are companies out there, that you wouldn't think of, that have called us, that say, “We can do ventilators.  We used to do them years ago.”  And they can do them in large quantities.  Other comp- -- if I call companies and say, “You build ventilators,” they don't even know what a ventilator is.

So it's really working out very well.  One of the reasons I read the numbers to you is because we've given vast numbers of just about everything.  We've taken it out of our supply -- out of our supply, and we're restocking our supply.

But we're really backing up the governors.  The governors have to go out, do their things.  And you have a lot of governors -- they've done a fantastic job.  You have some that haven't.  Usually, it’s the ones that complain that have the problems.

But we've had a great relationship, as an example, with Governor Cuomo, with Governor Newsom.  We've had a great relationship with the State of Washington.  Those are the three hotbeds.  Those are three hotbeds.

Now, we're also dealing with other states, as the Admiral said yesterday.  We’re dealing with all of the states, actually, in one form or another.  Some are very -- affected in a very minor way, where you have two people or three people.  And I don’t even mean deaths; I mean, literally, cases.

And that's different than New York, where you have, you know, tremendous -- where everybody -- I lived there for a long time.  Everybody is extremely close, tight.  And you have a lot of cases in New York.  You have a lot of cases in New York.

And we're helping Governor Cuomo.  We're helping Governor Newsom.  They've been -- frankly, they've been total gentlemen.  They want to get it done and we want to get it done.

But doing -- doing it the way we're doing it is much better.  It's really much better.

Q    But in terms of -- I’m asking about the supply chain, not -- it’s about allocation, not about manufacturing.  So the companies -- it’s not about nationalizing --

THE PRESIDENT:  But it all comes from -- yeah, I know.

Q    -- the companies --

THE PRESIDENT:  You’re right.

Q    -- it’s about the allocation.

THE PRESIDENT:  And we coordinate with the states and we are coordinating with the states.  And, for the most part, the coordination has been very good.

Look, three days ago, I had a phone call with all the governors.  I actually allowed the press to stay; they weren’t supposed to stay.  And one person in the media said, “That was surprising.”  It’s actually a little risky doing that because we had Democrats and we had Republicans.  And, you know, they’re politicians and they always have something to say.

Well, I took a lot of calls.  And we really didn't get one nasty or bad response.  They were thanking us for the job we did.  And I had the press stand -- I don’t know if you were there; I don’t think so.  I had the press standing there, watching.  They weren’t supposed to be there, but I said, “Let them stand there.”

The governors were very complimentary.  Very, very complimentary.  And I watched -- I watched, over the last few days, Governor Cuomo.  I watched Gavin Newsom, in California.  I watched both of them.  And they’ve been, you know, very complimentary.  And those are really the hotbeds.

And so we want to keep that going.  I’m very proud of this country.  And I'm, frankly, very proud of a lot of the politicians that normally we're fighting with.  We have different views, you know -- a little different view.  But we're going to get to the same place.  We have different views, but we're going to get to the same place.

Yeah, please.

Q    Yes.  I wanted to ask if you're considering an executive order to free elderly nonviolent criminals from federal prisons.

THE PRESIDENT:  We have been asked about that and we're going to take a look at it.  It's a -- it's a bit of a problem.  But when we talk about totally nonviolent -- we're talking about these are “totally nonviolent prisoners.”  We are actually looking at that, yes.

Q    Thank you.  And a quick follow-up, Mr. President --

THE PRESIDENT:  Go ahead.  Real quick.

Q    I wanted to ask also: Your administration eliminated a key position in China in July -- a medical epidemiologist embedded in China's Disease Control Agency -- and it was just months before the first cases were spotted in Wuhan.  So the question is, basically, why the post was eliminated and if that --

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, I could -- I could ask -- anybody?


THE PRESIDENT:  Would you like to take that one, Bob?  But, you know, this is just like all of the other stuff that you -- not you, but that the press was asking -- all of which turned out to be -- we actually gave CDC more money, not less money.  They said we defunded.  It turned out it was more money.  Every one of those things that were said were 100 percent wrong, and this sounds like another one them.

But, anyway, go ahead.

DR. REDFIELD:  Yeah.  As you know, CDC has offices all around the world right now to do our function to detect and prevent and respond to outbreaks where they occur.

The China office is actually being augmented, as we speak, as -- and we've been embedded there for over 30 years.  There was a reason they call it the “Chinese CDC,” because we've had that productive partnership.

Q    Mr. President --

Q    Mr. President --

THE PRESIDENT:  I wish -- again, our relationship with China is a very good relationship.  I wish they told us three months sooner that this was a problem.  We didn't know about it.  They knew about it and they should have told us.  We could have saved a lot of lives throughout the world.  If you look at what's happening in Italy and Spain and a lot of other countries, we could have saved a lot of lives throughout the world.


Q    Mr. President, given the diagnosis for Senator Paul and people being self-quarantined, what concerns do you have about the direct threat to the function of the Senate, the ability to get this important package, that people are waiting for, passed?  And should Americans be expecting you to extend the 15 days, given the climate of how this is spreading at this point?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, I hope we won't have to.  It’s possible, but we'll have to see how that works.

As far as the Senate is concerned, we are looking at some -- you know, some of the folks are feeling very good.  Some are quarantined but they're negative.  They may be -- it may be totally fine.  Okay?  Others are positive.  We're just finding this now for the first time.  I mean, over the last two days, we found out.

Q    Do you see it as a threat to the aid package that Americans are waiting for?

THE PRESIDENT:  No, I don't see any threats at all.  Honestly, I don't see any threats at all.  It'll all work out.

It is a question and a very good question, I thought, that we are considering.  Now, I don't know if you can do it constitutionally, but we are considering letting people vote -- senators, congressmen and women -- vote from a separate -- from a separate location, from an outside -- namely, a hospital or a home, depending on where they are.

So we are looking at that.  It's a little trickier question -- most people would believe -- but we are looking at that very strongly.

Q    Speaking of the Senate -- I think Kelly was kind of alluding to it -- while we’ve been up here, they weren’t able to get the 60 votes to move the package for the cloture vote.  I’m just curious, just your reaction to that, sir.

And then, what is Mitch McConnell telling you and Secretary Mnuchin --

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, we’re dealing with him all the time.  And we’re dealing with Mitch.  We’re dealing with the other side.  Everybody wants to get there.  We’ll see what happens.  I think he’ll -- I think he’ll get there.

It’s -- to me, it’s not very complicated.  We have to help the worker.  We have to save the companies.  Because as soon as we’re finished with this war -- it’s not a battle; it’s a war -- as soon as we're finished with this war, our country is going to bounce back like you've never seen before.

But we have to get it to that position and we have to make sure that those companies are whole -- that they haven't been disbanded.  Because if you do that, it's going to take much longer.  So, in a way, it's being pennywise if you don’t.

But we want to help the worker.  We want to help the companies that the workers come from.  Because if those companies go out of business -- and that includes small businesses.  We have a tremendous amount of small business work in there.  You know that.  Once they go out and they don't come back, that's a much longer period of building.

Q    You mentioned about -- sir, I apologize.  There was a woman that was an American that was -- was she being tortured?  What was going on there, sir?

THE PRESIDENT:  Bad things were happening to her in a certain country.  And we're -- we’re really under the feeling that we should keep it somewhat private until --

Q    She’s coming home?

THE PRESIDENT:  She's already been freed.  And I have to tell you, General Milley and the -- his people were unbelievable.  They were not playing games.  General Milley does not play games.  He’s a very interesting guy.  They got her out.  They got her out of a certain country where she was seriously abused, accosted, and -- whatever the maximum word is, other than death, that happened.  But we got her out and she’s okay, and she’s back with her parents.

Q    Can I ask you one last question, sir?


Q    And something I’ve just been curious about.  Previous crises, like the tsunami, Katrina -- past presidents, they’ve called up predecessors and said, “Hey, I need you step in,” do something like that.  Do you can any interest in reaching out to Presidents Bush, Obama, Clinton, Carter, or talking to them?

THE PRESIDENT:  No, I mean --

Q    I’m just curious if that’s being considered or not.

THE PRESIDENT:  Look, I have the best people in the world.  I think we’re doing an extraordinary job.  If you look at -- if you look in, let’s say, the H1N1 -- you look at that whole -- that was a disaster.  That was a tough period of time for our country.  You look at so many other things that weren’t handled very well, whether it’s Katrina or something else.

Look, I respect everybody, but I feel I have an incredible team and I think we’re doing an incredible job.  When you look at the job we’re doing -- and all you have to do is look at the approval numbers on the job we’re doing.  I think we’re doing an incredible job.

So I don’t want to disturb them, bother them.  I don’t think I’m going to learn much.  And, you know, I guess you could say that there’s probably a natural inclination not to call.

Now, if I felt that if I called, I’d learn something and that would say one life -- it would save one life, okay? -- I would make the call in two minutes.  But I don’t see that happening.


Q    Can I ask you about the comments that a couple of your former aides have said today?  Gary Cohn said, “Is it time to start discussing the need for a date when the economy can turn back on?”  Whereas Steve Bannon --


Q    -- is saying: Drop the hammer today on the virus.  We’re going to have the take the pain up front.  We have to shut it all down.
THE PRESIDENT:  I saw both.

Q    I want to ask you about the tension between the economic pain, the suffering, and of course the virus itself and the casualties and deaths from that.

THE PRESIDENT:  Sure.  Sure.  Well, look, I’m of the opinion we have to do great during this 14 days, during the 15-day period.  We’ll know at the end of 14 days, pretty much.  We're going to have a pretty good idea how we're doing.

I think you have to shut it down and you have to see.  But, you know, there'll be a point at which we say, “We're back in business.  Let's go.”

Q    Do you think that that point is coming sooner --

THE PRESIDENT:  Those two statements are not mutually exclusive, you understand.  I saw both of them today.

Q    Well, I think -- I think Steve Bannon is arguing --

THE PRESIDENT:  And they sort of -- they intermesh.

Q    -- for more of a shutdown than we are now.

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, he -- he is calling for a faster -- just a brutal shutdown, and then open up, maybe, a little bit faster.  So, you know, there’s -- there’s that fine line.

Look, we did a big shutdown when we wouldn't allow people from China that could have been very seriously infected, that were -- when we cut that off very early.  And then we cut Europe off very early, as you know.  So that was also very early.

Q    And then when do you start opening Main Street back up?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, I can’t tell you that.  What I have to say is that I think we’re going to have good results.  I think the American people have been amazing.  I think our stimulus package will get done, and it will be a tremendous package.  We're really not -- I mean, they may not have gotten those votes but they're very close to getting a deal done.  So I'd be -- I'd be surprised if I didn't.

And if they don't, I think, frankly, the American people will be very upset with the Democrats because the Republicans are ready to approve a deal.  So the only reason that the deal couldn't get done is pure politics.

Yes, please.

Q    Mr.  President, despite your differences with New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio, he says that the city is going to run out of basic hospital supplies by April.  How do you prevent New York City from becoming the next Italy?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, he should have -- you know, the hospital systems, in various places -- some have been stocked and ready to go for -- nothing for this.  Nothing.  This is beyond anything that anybody ever thought possible.  I think you could really say this.

Nobody can -- nobody can really -- Doctor, nobody can really say, “Oh, gee, this will happen.”  This is a very unique and hopefully it will be unique for, you know, many, many centuries -- you know, for a long time.  Hopefully we don’t see this again.

But, again, the systems are supposed to be ready, willing, and able.  They’re supposed to be ready to go.  We are helping them a lot, and I have great love for New York City and I have great love for New York State.  And we're going to help them a lot.

I mean, I was just saying we're sending our ships up there; we're sending more than just this ship.  We may be using -- if we need, we'll be using some of the cruise ships that you've been reading about.  We’ll be using them also because they’re very immediate and very quick.  They can be there very quickly.  We have good docking sys- -- you know, systems in the places that we're talking about.  So we may be using some of the cruise liners that we're talking about.

But, no.  I mean, I think -- I think Bill de Blasio is working very hard.  I think he's trying very hard.  It's a tough situation for him and every mayor because nobody has ever seen the scale.  You know, when you hear -- you've given millions of masks and you've given hundreds of thousands of masks in a certain short period of time, and then you hear they need many, many more.

You know, one of the things they have started, with respect to masks, is the sterilization process.  Some are -- you know, are -- really, it works very well.  Others aren’t really set up that way; you throw them out.  But we have a sterilization process that's working very hard.

Speaking of that, hand sanitizers: You know, when you asked the question on the companies and what's going on -- we have many companies now -- companies that made whiskey, they’d made alcohol, they've now gone very quickly into the hand sanitizers and all of -- you know, you've been reading about it.  Three or four big companies.  We're doing incredibly well on that.

There was no way, if you took the existing companies, that something like that could happen.  But it happens almost -- they'll call Peter Navarro or they'll call somebody.  In one case, they called me.  They said, “We can do this.  We can do that.”  We've had a lot of those calls where companies want to -- there’s a company in New Hampshire, a great company -- they want to make ventilators.  I had never thought of them for ventilators, but they do make metal equipment and things out of metal.  They'll be great.  They'll make --- they'll make a great product.

So, Peter, I think you're seeing a lot of that.  Right?

MR. NAVARRO: Yes, sir.

Q    Sir --

THE PRESIDENT:  Yes, please.

Q    Mr. President, the bill that is being contemplated by the Senate right now has a fund that has hundreds of billions of dollars for the Treasury Department to use to bail out states and localities, as well as specific industries, such as cruises and hotels.  Will you commit publicly that none of that taxpayer money will go towards your own personal properties?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, you know, every time I do it -- like, for instance, I committed publicly that I wouldn’t take the $450,000 salary.  It's a lot of money.  Whether you're rich or not, it's a lot of money.  And I did it and nobody cared.  Nobody -- nobody said, “Thank you.”  Nobody said, “Thank you very much.”

Now, I didn't commit legally.  I just said, “I don't want it.  I don't want my salary.  I work for zero.  I don't want my salary.”  Nobody said, “Oh, thank you very much.”  But I guarantee you, if I ever took it, you would go out after me -- you, in particular, would go out after me like crazy.

So I have no idea what they're talking about with regard to the one element.  Everything is changing, just so you understand.  It’s all changing.  But I have no idea.  But every time I commit to do something -- I've committed to do my -- look, I ran and everybody knew I was a rich person.  I built a great company and people knew that.  But I agreed to do things I didn't have to.  I still don't have to.

But my company -- I told the kids, who are running it -- I'm not running it.  But I told them, “Don't deal with foreign companies.  Don't deal…”  I didn't have to do that.  I could have just ran and I have -- I didn't have to do that at all.  And instead of being thanked for, again, not agreeing to do, but just not doing it, I get excoriated all the time.

So I've learned -- let’s just see what happens because we have to save some of these great companies.  They can be great companies, literally, in a matter of weeks.  We have to save them.

Yeah, please.

Q    Thank you, Mr. President.  Can I go back to your announcement at the top about the National Guard and then also the medical --

THE PRESIDENT:  Yeah.  Go ahead.  Sure.

Q    -- the medical structures that are going to be built?

Okay, so you would say that there would be eight large medical structures that will be built in California with more than 2,000 beds.  And then I think I heard you say there would be four small medical structures in the state of Washington with 250 beds.  And could you --

THE PRESIDENT:  Pete, go ahead.

Q      -- could you say what cities and areas those are going to be in, specifically?


ADMINISTRATOR GAYNOR:  So we are filling the governors’ request, and so we send that resource to them.  They’ll put it to best use.  They’ll be put to where they -- it will have the most effect.  So we don't dictate exactly where it goes.

Again, it’s a request from the state to the federal government for a certain asset, and those assets are sent to the governor.  The governor can use it as he or she sees fit.

Q    And you're still considering -- you just said that -- using the cruise ships as well.  So --

THE PRESIDENT:  If we need them.  I don’t -- I hope we don’t need them.  I hope you’re going to have great luck on Tuesday morning.  We sent a lot of the medicine -- we don't have to go into it again, but we sent a lot of the medicine to Governor Cuomo.  I believe they already have it.  And they have some very capable people.  We spoke to Dr. Zucker, who is his primary representative on this.  And we spoke to the governor himself, and I think he's excited about it like I'm excited about it.  Now, will it work?  I think it has a really good chance.  I think it's worthwhile.

Why should we be testing it in a test tube for a year and a half, when we have thousands of people that are very sick?  They're very, very sick.  And we can use it on those people and maybe make them better -- and, in some cases, maybe save their lives.

So, Governor Cuomo told me they'll be using their supplies -- starting their supply on Tuesday morning.  I think it's very exciting.  I think -- because, if that happens, much of what we're talking about with ships and hospitals and all of the things that we're doing and all of these masks and everything that we're ordering -- ventilators -- it's a whole different game if that happens.  And we'll see.

There's been some tremendous signs that this could work.  Now, again, you know, some doctors think it should go for years in testing.  But, you know, this has been something that's been around for many years.  It's been phenomenal -- a strong, powerful drug for malaria.  But we think it might work on this, based on evidence -- based on very strong evidence.  We're going to see.  We're going to know on -- you know, sometime after Tuesday.

But you'll have to ask Governor Cuomo.  I think they're going to start the process.  We've gotten them the drug.  I think they're going to start the process of giving the drug -- mouth -- you know, through -- through mouth.  And I think that starts on Tuesday morning, he said.  And that'll be -- I mean, I tell you what: I don't want to get anybody overly excited, but I'm very excited by that, by the prospect of it.

Then, in addition to that, they’re working -- NIH is working on vaccines and on -- they're making great progress, but the vaccine does have to be tested for a long period of time because you can't give, you know, thousands -- millions of people a vaccine and it turns out to be dangerous.  So that does have to be tested.

But this one has been taken for a long time, so we know pretty much one result.

Yeah, please.

Q    Thank you, Mr. President.  I wanted to ask about China and President Xi.  When was the last time you had a conversation with him?

THE PRESIDENT:  Well, I don’t want to exactly say that, but I have spoken to President Xi about this -- specifically, about this.  And, look, he doesn't want this.  This was -- you know, this is not something that he wants, and -- and it happened.  It happened to China.

And one thing they told me -- I was told by our great Secretary of Agriculture, Sonny Perdue, that China has been buying a lot of our farm product.  And I'm looking at different pricing, but China has, despite all of this.  And it started -- this delayed it a little bit, obviously, but it started fairly recently.  But China is buying -- we made a new deal, as you know, with China.  A very big trade deal.  And China has been buying our agricultural product.

Q    Have you talked to China about masks?  I mean, they’ve been a supplier of the United States of masks, of a lot of this equipment.

THE PRESIDENT:  Yes.  In fact, they’re sending some masks --

Q    Have you tried to open those back up?

THE PRESIDENT:  They’re sending masks to Italy.  They are sending masks to Italy.  We’re in a very good process with masks.

But I'm a little upset with China, I'll be honest with you, because --

Q    How so?

THE PRESIDENT:  -- as much as I like President Xi and as much as I respect the country and admire the country -- I have great admiration for the country, what they've done in a short period of time.  Of course, our presidents, our previous presidents allowed that to happen; you should say “thank you very much” to all of them.

But they should have told us about this.  And I did ask him whether or not we could send some people, and they didn't want that -- out of pride.  I think, really, out of pride.  They don’t want -- they don’t want us sending people into China, to help them.  You know, China is a strong country.  They have -- they have their scientists and they have their doctors -- very smart.  A lot of people.

And, you know, but I did discuss that about sending our people in.  And, they didn’t really respond.  We went again; they didn’t respond.  If they went in, they would have been able to tell us -- give us a much earlier indication.  But we had an early indication, and that’s why I closed out China.  I mean, I felt -- it was my instinct, but that’s why I closed out China at a very early time.


Q    Mr. President, are undocumented persons welcome at testing sites and can they show up and be tested without fear of being reported to immigration officials for possible deportation?

THE PRESIDENT:  It’s really a fair question.  I think I’ll let -- would you like to answer that question?  Please.


THE PRESIDENT:  Please, Surgeon General.

SURGEON GENERAL ADAMS:  We know, from a public health perspective, that it is important that people who have symptoms can get tested.  But, as you heard earlier, we are --

Q    Regardless of citizenship?

SURGEON GENERAL ADAMS:  Well, we know that it -- the virus doesn’t judge based on where you’re from.  And so, it's important that we try to get people tested who have symptoms.

But the important thing that we really want people to hear is that inpatients need to be tested.  We need to prioritize our healthcare workers.  And one thing I would like to say to you all very quickly, on behalf of the doctors on the Task Force:  Healthcare workers, we hear you.  We hear you and we absolutely are prioritizing your health and safety, making sure healthcare workers can get tested, inpatients can get tested, people at highest risk.

But, to answer your question: Yes, we absolutely want to make sure people who have symptoms, who could be spreading it, can get tested.


Q    Sir, I have a question for you, sir.  Sorry, a question, Mr. Surgeon General --

THE VICE PRESIDENT:  The Department of Homeland Security addressed that issue a few days ago.  Customs and Border Protection actually issued guidance that, absent certain circumstances, Customs and Border Protection does not target emergency rooms or health clinics.  And I would refer you to the website.  They issued a very clear statement, making it -- making it clear to any person that is in need of a test or medical care that Customs and Border Protection is not focusing on emergency rooms or health clinics or the drive-through clinics.

Q    So that they could come in without a fear of --


Q    -- consequence?

THE PRESIDENT:  I’ll answer that.  And if that’s not the policy, I’ll make it the policy.  And I was just saying, as Mike was saying that, the answer is “yes.”  We will do those tests, because I think, in that case, it’s important.

I think that if you could call -- you could say “illegal alien”; you could say, “illegal immigrant”; you could say whatever you want to use -- your definition of what you're talking about.  We're all talking about the same thing.  Yes, we will test that person because I think it's important that we test that person.  And we don't want to send that person back into wherever we're going to be sending the person -- whether it's another country or someplace else.  Because, you know, we’re now bringing them right out of our country.

But, yeah, we will test those people.  Okay?  Thank you.


Q    For the Surgeon General, please.  

THE PRESIDENT:  Yeah.  Please.

Q    Sorry --


Q    Mr. Surgeon General, a question for you.  We were talking about this before in the briefing.  You know, a lot of folks, they’re watching TV and they’re reading up on this constantly.  If you are not, you know, somebody who has got a pre-existing health condition, but you -- all of a sudden, you go, “You know, all of a sudden, I just don’t feel 100 percent.”  And then your mind just starts playing with you, right?  And you think, “Oh my God, I coughed three hours ago.  Was that a first sign?”

When should those people really start to say, “Okay, maybe I need to call the doctor”?  Because you don’t want to flood them, but a lot of people that are -- that are probably healthy right now are thinking, “Whoa, wait.  That’s all I’m hearing about.  It’s all I can think about.  When should I either call my doctor or get tested?”

THE PRESIDENT:  Do you need a test?

Q    No.  (Laughs.)  Well, I hope not.

Q    I hope not.

SURGEON GENERAL ADAMS:  I asked him before you came in if they’ve been temperature checked.

THE PRESIDENT:  He better not, right?  He better not.

SURGEON GENERAL ADAMS:  The Vice President gave an important statistic this morning: 10 -- only 10 percent of the people who have symptoms who have been tested actually tested positive for coronavirus, meaning 9 out of 10 people who actually likely had symptoms do not have the coronavirus.  So I want people to understand that so that they are reassured.

I also want to direct people to a website we’ve been telling them about all the time: has information to walk you through the symptoms: fever, cough, shortness of breath, body aches, and what to do if you have symptoms or you’re worried.

The most important thing we can tell people is: Call your healthcare provider, talk to your healthcare provider.  Information is at to walk you through when to come in and when -- and what to do.

Q    And Mr. Vice President, you got tested yesterday.  I’m just curious, sir, can you tell us what that was like for you?  A lot of people are going to be going through this.  What -- I mean, -- were you standing by the phone?  Were you just --
THE PRESIDENT:  He didn’t like it.

Q    -- having an iced tea?  I mean, what did you --

THE PRESIDENT:  He didn’t like it.

Q    Yeah.  What was that like and what did you do to, kind of, kill that time to keep your mind at ease?

THE PRESIDENT:  He wasn’t happy.  (Laughter.)

THE VICE PRESIDENT:  The test was very quick, but it goes a fair amount up into your sinuses and it’s not comfortable.  And that’s the reason it probably is a good opportunity to say again to any American looking on: If you don't have symptoms, you don't need a test.

And the current testing format, although they're evolving regularly now -- we just mentioned that, I think, at the end of this week, there'll be a new test and here's all-new technologies.  I would say again to all the governors that are looking on and their state health officials: Contact FEMA.  We’ll give you all the latest information on new testing that is available, including steps we're making, where Americans would be able to test themselves --


THE VICE PRESIDENT:  -- and send it in.  But --

Q    For you -- what was that like for you, sir?

THE VICE PRESIDENT:  Well, for me and Mrs. Pence, it was a -- it was kind of a pinch.  It was kind of invasive.  But we were grateful for the support.  Walter Reed Hospital processed the test very quickly.  They had a lab at the hospital to be able to do that and gave us the results quickly.

But it also informed me, we -- we were wondering --

Q    Yeah.

THE VICE PRESIDENT:  -- during that time, as a family.  And it’s one of the reasons the President has made it such a priority that we brought all these commercial labs together.
And now, more than a quarter million te